The military of Algeria consists of the People's National Army (ANP), the Algerian National Navy (MRA), and the Algerian Air Force (QJJ), plus the Territorial Air Defence Force. It is the direct successor of the Armée de Libération Nationale (ALN), the armed wing of the nationalist National Liberation Front which fought French colonial occupation during the Algerian War of Independence (1954-62).
Service in the military is compulsory for men aged 19-30, for a total of 18 months (six training and 12 in civil projects). The military expenditure was 4.3% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2012. Algeria has the second largest military in North Africa with the largest defence budget in Africa ($10.3 billion).
Historically, Algeria bought weapons and military equipment from the Soviet Union. Algeria is undergoing a process of military modernisation, which includes the introduction of new, more modern warships, aircraft and tanks. Recently, the Algerian Air Force signed a deal with Russia to purchase 49 MiG-29SMT and six MiG-29UBT at an estimated $1.5 billion. They also agreed to return old aircraft purchased from the Soviet Union. Russia is also building two 636-type diesel submarines for Algeria.
|Military branches||:||People's National Army (Armee Nationale Populaire, ANP), Land Forces (Forces Terrestres, FT), Navy of the Republic of Algeria (Marine de la Republique Algerienne, MRA), Air Force (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Jaza'eriya, QJJ), Territorial Air Defense Force (2009)|
|Military service age and obligation||:||17 is the legal minimum age for voluntary military service; 19-30 years of age for compulsory service; conscript service obligation is 18 months (6 months basic training, 12 months civil projects) (2012)|
|Manpower available for military service||:||males age 16-49: 10,273,129
females age 16-49: 10,114,552 (2010 est.)
|Manpower fit for military service
||:||males age 16-49: 8,622,897
females age 16-49: 8,626,222 (2010 est.)
|Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually||:||male: 342,895
female: 330,098 (2010 est.)
|Military expenditures - percent of GDP||:||4.48% of GDP (2012)|