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Population in Algeria
 
 
 

General

The population of Algeria in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations at 32,814,000, which placed it at number 35 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 5% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 31% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 102 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population rate of change for 2005-2010 was expected to be 1.5%. which the government feels is too high. The government has placed emphasis on reproductive health, with a resulting decline in fertility rates from 4.7 births per woman in 1990 to 3.6 in 2005, due in part to increased use of contraceptives. The projected population for the year 2025 was 40,604,000. The population density was 14 per km² (36 per mi²).

The UN estimated that 49% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005, and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 2.45%. The capital city, Algiers (Alger), had a population of 3,060,000 in that year. Other large cities and their estimated populations include Batna, 948,000; Oran, 794,200; and Constantine (Qacentina), 688,100.

The population is concentrated in the cultivated areas of the northern Tell region near the Mediterranean coast. More than 90% of the populace lives in approximately one-eighth of the country. The plateau and desert regions are sparsely populated.

Overview

Population : 38,813,722 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure : 0-14 years: 28.4% (male 5,641,148/female 5,378,207)
15-24 years: 17.4% (male 3,451,069/female 3,291,166)
25-54 years: 42.8% (male 8,398,770/female 8,209,634)
55-64 years: 6.2% (male 1,230,865/female 1,186,832)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 931,769/female 1,094,262) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratios : total dependency ratio: 48.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 41.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.8 %
potential support ratio: 14.6 (2014 est.)
Median age

: total: 27.3 years
male: 27 years
female: 27.5 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate : 1.88% (2014 est.)
Birth rate : 23.99 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate : 4.31 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate : -0.93 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanisation : urban population: 73% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanisation: 2.49% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population : Algiers (capital) 2.916 million; Oran 783,000 (2011)
Sex ratio : at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Maternal mortality rate : 97 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Infant mortality rate : total: 21.76 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 23.54 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 19.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birth : total population: 76.39 years
male: 75.12 years
female: 77.72 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate : 2.78 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate : 61.4% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate : 0.1%; note - no country specific models provided (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS : 18,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths : fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
Health expenditures : 3.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density : 1.21 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
Hospital bed density : 1.7 beds/1,000 population (2004)
Drinking water source : improved:
urban: 85.5% of population
rural: 79.5% of population
total: 83.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 14.5% of population
rural: 20.5% of population
total: 16.1% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility access : improved:
urban: 97.6% of population
rural: 88.4% of population
total: 95.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.4% of population
rural: 11.6% of population
total: 4.8% of population (2012 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate : 16% (2008)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight : 3.7% (2005)
Nationality : noun: Algerian(s)
adjective: Algerian
Ethnic groups : Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%
note: although almost all Algerians are Berber in origin (not Arab), only a minority identify themselves as Berber, about 15% of the total population; these people live mostly in the mountainous region of Kabylie east of Algiers; the Berbers are also Muslim but identify with their Berber rather than Arab cultural heritage; Berbers have long agitated, sometimes violently, for autonomy; the government is unlikely to grant autonomy but has offered to begin sponsoring teaching Berber language in schools
Religions : Muslim (official; predominantly Sunni) 99%, other (includes Christian and Jewish) <1% (2012 est.)
Languages : Arabic (official), French (lingua franca), Berber dialects: Kabylie Berber (Tamazight), Chaouia Berber (Tachawit), Mzab Berber, Tuareg Berber (Tamahaq)
Literacy : definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 72.6%
male: 81.3%
female: 63.9% (2006 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) : total: 14 years
male: 12 years
female: 14 years (2011)
Education expenditures : 4.3% of GDP (2008)
Child labour - children ages 5-14 : total number: 304,358
percentage: 5 % (2006 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 : total: 28.4%
male: 19.1%
female: 38.2% (2011)
 

 
 

 



 


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